Can myopia be cured?

There is no known cure for myopia. However, spectacles or contact lenses can help those with myopia to see clearly.

LASIK is another option that myopic adults can explore to help improve the functional status of the eye and remove the inconvenience of wearing spectacles or contact lenses. Such a surgical procedure however, does not cure myopia and is not recommended for young people below the age of 21 as their eyeballs are still developing and their myopia has not stabilised.

Prevention of myopia and delaying its progression early in life are important steps to take in the management of this condition.

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Caregiving for diabetic patients

As a caregiver you are an essential part of the t​​​​​eam to assist and help someone with diabetes take control over his/her condition.

Diabetes care is more than just taking care of the disease. Encouragement and support are needed so that the person in your care is able to live a better quality and productive life.

As a caregiver it is important to have a better understanding of diabetes and its serious consequences and to learn some skills on the management of diabetes.

Recognising symptoms

One of the basic things to learn as a caregiver is to be able to recognise the symptoms that may require immediate attention.

Hypoglycemia (low blood glucose)

Symptoms: Shakiness, sweating, weakness, dizziness, irritability, hunger, headache, mood swing, staggering gait.

What to do:

  • Check blood glucose to confirm; give a glass of fruit juice or 3 to 4 teaspoons sugar in water. Keep some sweets like a bar of chocolate if symptoms occur.
  • Repeat the above measures in 10 to 15 minutes if blood glucose level is still below 4.0 mmol/l.
  • If symptoms persist or extreme confusion exist, seek immediate medical attention or call for an ambulance.

Hyperglycemia (high blood glucose)

Symptoms: Thirst, fatigue, frequent urination, drowsiness, blurred vision

What to do: 

  • Check blood glucose
  • Check urine for ketones if blood glucose is over 240 mg/dl (> 13 mmol/l)
  • Continue to drink plenty of water
  • Seek medical attention if symptoms persist.

Diabetic ketoacidosis

Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) or diabeteic coma is a life-threatening condition that develops when there is too little insulin in the body. Without insulin, the body cannot use glucose (sugar) for energy instead it begins to break down fat and protein for energy. In the process, toxic acids are produced known as ketones. Untreated diabetic ketoacidosis can be fatal.

Symptoms: Abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, extreme drowsiness, rapid breathing, flushed skin, sweet fruity odour to breath

What to do:   

  • Check blood glucose which is usually above 15mmol/l.
  • Check urine for ketones. Urine dipstick tests for ketones are available for home use.
  • Call doctor/ambulance immediately or bring him/her to the A&E department.

Important Aspects of Care

Checking Blood Glucose Level

One of the areas that you can assist as a caregiver is monitoring the blood glucose level. This will require skill on how to do a blood glucose test at home using a glucometer. When purchasing a glucometer, check with your doctor or diabetes nurse educator on the type of glucometer that is right for the person with diabetes.

Please remember the following when helping to take a blood sample by finger prick method.

  1. Wash your hands thoroughly before doing the test.
  2. Ensure the person’s hand is clean. You may rinse the hands in lukewarm water and then dry to improve circulation for a better sample.
  3. Do gentle massage of the hands before pricking the finger to improve circulation.
  4. When pricking the finger, use the side of the fingertip rather than the front top because it’s less painful.
  5. Apply gentle pressure on the finger pad with the sides push out to get a better sample.

Follow your family doctor’s advice on the frequency of home blood glucose monitoring that is required for the person under your care.

Managing Diet

As a caregiver, ensure that healthy eating habits are practised. Be aware of variations in the diet and learn how to adjust the diet based on the meal plan as recommended by the dietitian. Help the person in your care to choose food wisely and encourage a well balanced meal. Consult the dietitian or doctor for problems difficulties in managing the diet.

  • Use My Healthy Plate as your guide in planning the meal(s). Provide a variety of food from the four food groups.
  • Keep meals regular
  • Be mindful of the portion sizes when preparing or serving food

Encouraging Exercise

Know the benefits of physical activity in lowering blood glucose level. Physical activity not only helps in the control of diabetes but also improves blood circulation, strengthens the heart and reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease such as heart attack and stroke. Assist the person in your care to realise the importance of physical activity and ensure that it is regular.

Be also mindful of the possible risks when engaging in physical activity such as hypoglycaemia (low blood glucose). Know the signs of hypoglycaemia such shakiness, dizziness, hunger, or weakness. Remember to bring sweets or fruit juices every time.

Giving Medication

Most persons with diabetes also have other medical condition(s) such as high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol level, and may be on medication for such problems. Know what medication(s) that the person under your care is taking and understand how it works and the potential side effects. Inform the doctor immediately if the person experiences any reaction to the medication(s).

As a caregiver, ensure that medications are taken or given (in the case of insulin injection) on time and regularly as prescribed by the doctor. Some people with diabetes are afraid of insulin injection causing rejection or non-compliance in their treatment. Helping them to overcome their fear is an important role that you can do.

Taking Care of the Feet

Foot care is very important in persons with diabetes. The person with diabetes may develop foot problems arising from either nerve damage, also called neuropathy, or poor circulation. When sensory nerves are damaged, feelings are lost and he may be unaware of a wound or breakdown of skin that can lead to infection. Diabetic foot ulcers are serious because they do not heal well resulting in gangrene which can lead to amputation.

It is important to keep the blood glucose level under control to minimise the risk of foot problems. As a caregiver, ensure that you assist in the care of the feet every day.

  • Wash and inspect feet daily and seek medical care if you spot a problem
  • Look for changes in skin colour, or feeling
  • Gently rub skin lotion over the feet, but not between the toes
  • Trim toenails straight across and file the edges
  • Protect feet from extremes of temperature
  • Let him use proper and comfortable footwear at all times
  • Bring him to the doctor at least once a year for foot assessment and more often if foot problems arise

Helping A Person with Diabetes

A person with diabetes is faced with many challenges to keep the condition under control. Diabetes care is a team effort that goes beyond treating the disease. Family and friends support plays an important role in improving the quality of life.

A person with diabetes may face more and more stress as incapacity due to old age and other medical conditions set in. Therefore, the role of the caregiver becomes even more important in the delivery of care.

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Interesting beliefs about sneezing

(Learn more about Influenza A/H7N9 and how you can prevent an infection​)
​You know that feeling. The uncontrollable itch under the bridge of your nose. It intensifies and tickles your sinuses in a very uncomfortable manner. Your face contorts into a Picasso portrait.
Then it happens. The itch expels itself in a loud and wet blast. For a moment, you look a little sheepish and silly. But you feel relieved. Free from the tyranny of the itch. Life is great again.
Wait. Do your worries really end when you go ahh-CHOO? Not exactly, according to many myths and beliefs from around the world. Read on to find out about the fascinating meanings we have tacked onto the common sneeze.
I’m sure you’ve heard this one before – every time you go ahh-chooo, someone somewhere is thinking of you. (Celebrities and world leaders must sneeze an awful lot.) No one really knows where this myth originated from, but the Japanese have taken it one step further. They believe that sneezing once means someone is gossiping something nice about you. Twice means something not as nice. Thrice – gossip that’s really, really not nice at all.

Most of us would merely coo and ahh when an infant sneezes, but it turns out even that has much deeper implications in other parts of the world.

British nurses believe that babies were under a fairy spell until they sneezed. Nowadays, when kids lose that angelic charm and innocence, we refer to it as “growing up”.

Likewise, the Polynesian people treat a child’s sneeze with similarly mystical significance. A young Maori child’s sneeze could signal the prospects of a visit or a piece of interesting news. In Tonga, the sneeze of a child means bad fortune for the family.

Can your eyeballs pop out of their sockets if you sneeze with your eyes open? Don’t worry, you’ll be okay. Our eyeballs are very securely tucked inside their sockets, so you will not end up with a freaky, perpetually surprised-looking face.

Saying “bless you” after someone sneezes is a common act of courtesy. However, this gesture has much darker origins. Some 1,500 years ago, it was believed that the soul leaves its body temporarily during a sneeze, leaving behind a temptingly vacant shell for the devil to swoop in and occupy. So, a “bless you” served to safeguard the sneezer’s soul.

Alternate theories suggest that the practice of blessing a sneeze arose out of the terrible Black Death pandemic. The highly contagious plague would cause its victim to cough and sneeze uncontrollably. The pope then stepped in and decreed that blessing a sneezer would protect oneself from the deadly plague that was terrorising 13th century Europe.

It’s obvious by now that the ever-present Ah…Chew is loaded with myths folklore and colourful meanings. And, as entertaining as they may be, the best thing about a flu is avoiding one.

That’s why we’ve put together these tried-and-tested ways to prevent contagious diseases like the flu. Don’t give into the flu, follow these tips and F.I.G.H.T back.

Just like your mother always said, you should wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water to keep them free of nasty viruses and bacteria. You should always clean your hands:
  • Before and after meals
  • Before handling food
  • After using the toilet
  • After blowing your nose
Travel tip: Use a hand sanitiser if washing facilities are not readily available.
A little prick can save you a lot of pain. Getting vaccinated is reliable and easy – just ask your doctor at polyclinics or private clinic. The flu vaccination is strongly recommended for:
  • The elderly and their caregivers
  • Very young children, aged 6 months to 5 years
  • People with low immunity (e.g. on cancer treatment) or chronic diseases such as diabetes
  • Travellers
Travel tip: Vaccinate two weeks before leaving the country.
Don’t try to be a toughie, suffering through a flu makes it worse for everyone. As soon you start experiencing flu-like symptoms, seek treatment. Remember to wear a facemask to the clinic so you don’t make the other sick folks there even sicker.
If you’re feeling unwell, avoid crowded places like school, work, and shopping malls to prevent spreading the virus to others. When home, keep a distance from your loved ones to protect them from your flu. The upside to this is you’ll have the TV remote all to yourself.
It’s no coincidence that most superheroes wear a mask. Putting on a mask or using a tissue to cover your mouth and nose prevents the virus from infecting those around you. Dispose of your used tissues into a covered dustbin and wash your
hands after doing so. Remember: when it comes to flu, sharing isn’t caring.
Travel tip: Bring facemasks on your overseas trips, you’ll never know if there is a nasty virus lurking around.

​Wait, where’s the sex?

If you’re reading this only because you saw “sex” in the headline, thank you for making it this far. Here’s what you’re looking for:

Some people experience the excitement of an unlikely organ – the nose, during sexual arousal. This odd reflex causes sneezing, which seems highly inconvenient for the situation. If you’re still curious (which you probably are), search for “sexually induced sneezing”.

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What You Need to Know About Dementia

Things to know about ​dementia

Forgetting names, misplacing keys or getting lost in a familiar place may not simply be signs of old age. There could be an underlying medical condition – dementia.

“Dementia refers to a group of symptoms including memory loss and loss of independent function,” explains Dr Nagaendran Kandiah, Senior Consultant, Department of Neurology, National Neuroscience Institute (NNI), a member of the SingHealth group. “It is not part of normal ageing but is due to brain disease, where there is a degeneration of specific brain regions.” ​

Visit the​ website to learn more about the symptoms of dementia and what you can do to prevent this condition.…

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Be An Artist – Bring Colors To Your Style

From yar to yeat, fashion is changing. Looking back on the years behind us, fashion seems to be the most liberal today. Fashionable trends today allow us full creativity. In a word – we can dress whatever we want!

If you are looking for fashion trends in Singapore, be it for an event or just for browsing, you can check out a fashion blog here.

Fill your closet with all the colors of the world!


Clearly, the world began to strive for exotic styles and began to take the style to a new level. This means that there is no color monotony, but quite the opposite – the clothes have become colorful! This year you are free to be inspirational and fill your closet with all the colors of the world.


No rules


Always know there are no rules! Previously, it would have been assumed that you would wear heels with the dress, but this is not the case today. In addition, you can wear comfortable sneakers and still look elegant. This is certainly one of the advantages of today’s fashion!


Zebra, tiger, leopard


If you want to keep up with fashion trends, get some animal print clothing or footwear. You will certainly not go wrong with this! You can combine them with anything you want, and at the same time look attractive and mesmerizing.


“Deep” pants as a deep sense of fashion


What has definitely returned to fashion and what has been worn for decades behind us are high-waisted jeans and pants! The advantage of this fashion trend is that you can wear whatever you want with it, whether it is a plain shirt or a sweater. Whatever you decide, you will look elegant and cool. You can not go wrong.


Puffy sleeves – Must have!


The next things you need to have this year in your wardrobe are T-shirts or dresses that have puffy sleeves. This voluminous cut will make you feel and look special.




Oversized clothing is one of the most popular today! Therefore, ladies, you can also freely wander into the men’s department at the boutique. Also, you can steal the sweatshirts from your boyfriend or brother. Sounds exciting, doesn’t it?


Your hair as a mirror of your creativity


When it comes to trends and fashion, besides the necessity to talk about clothing and footwear, it is also necessary to talk about hairstyles that are modern. However, one must pay attention to the overall appearance, right?


And in this case, all colors are allowed! Whether this is because of last year’s popular series called Euphoria, we do not know, but we know it is true! Look at Dua Lipa, she has two hair colors. Isn’t that creative and courageous? Some even opt for purple or blue hair as the heroine in the movie Blue Is The Warmest Color. Therefore, feel free to let your imagination go and color your hair with your favorite color.


Based on all of the above, you can conclude that you have full freedom to express your character through your style without being judged by anyone. So what are you waiting for?

Be brave, be creative, and most importantly – be free!!!

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